The garden spider black and yellow, measuring up to 1.5 inches with a 3 inch leg span. Garden spiders are identifiable by the enormous, flat sphere-shaped webs they spin across open spaces between trees and shrubs. The webs are spun along the flight paths of insects posing as potential food. The webs are commonly found in fields, forests, and yards.
The ground spider is typically brown, occasionally dusted in orange or red markings, usually less than ½ inch in length. Ground spiders are non-web-spinning hunting spiders preferring to chase prey on foot. They nest in piles of stones, logs, mulch, and natural ground coverings like ivy and can be found dashing down baseboards and hiding under appliances and furniture. Some ground spider species, like the white breasted Parsons spider, invade buildings.
The jumping spider has earth-tone coloration, identifiable by its eight different shaped eyes and stocky legs. Jumping spiders are one of the fastest moving spider species, capable of jumping 25 times their own size. Jumping spiders live worldwide in deserts, scrublands, tropical forests, near windows of North American homes, and the Himalayas’ in rocks, leaves, and tree bark. Indoors, jumping spiders live near insects in planters, wall cavities, and window sills. Jumping spiders are carnivorous hunters who stalk other insects to eat as opposed to snaring insects in a web.
The orb weaver is vibrantly colored with red and black markings on a white abdomen, usually less than a ½ inch long. Orb weavers inhabit the United States’ southeast coast, particularly enjoying the sunshine of Florida yards. Orb weavers are named after and identifiable by the orb-shaped webs they weave in trees and shrubs, windows, soffits, and other building crevices and their colorful appearance. Orb weavers are not harmful and unintentionally invade homes when nesting in potted plants.
Wolf spiders are hairy with dull coloring, measuring up to 1.5 inches long. Wolf spiders are non-web-spinning hunting spiders, leaving no distinguishing web structures like other spiders. Wolf spiders nest in piles of clutter and mulch, under decks, porches, and baseboards and near entry points like door and window frames.
Yellow-sac spiders are pale, yellowish-green, measuring about ¼ inch in length. The yellow-sac spider is one of the most prolific spider biters in the United States. The bite is non-severe, leaving a reddened area between one to several inches round with a white pustule.
For more identification tips, check out our pest identifcation guide.
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